EXPRESS® FP FAQs:

  • What is Express® FP?
    Indications: For vaccination of healthy cows and heifers prior to breeding for prevention of persistently infected calves caused by bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus types 1 and 2; as an aid in the prevention of abortion due to infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) virus; as an aid in the prevention of respiratory disease caused by IBR virus, BVD virus types 1 and 2, bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV); as an aid in the reduction of respiratory disease caused by parainfluenza 3 (PI3) virus.

    A 12-month duration of immunity has been demonstrated against IBR-induced abortion and against disease, including persistently infected calves, caused by BVD types 1 and 2.

    This vaccine may be administered to pregnant cattle provided they were vaccinated, according to label directions, with any Express® FP vaccine within the past 12 months. May also be administered to calves nursing pregnant cows provided their dams were vaccinated within the past 12 months with any Express® FP vaccine. See below for details.
  • What format does Express® come in?
    Express comes in 10 dose (20mL) and 50 dose (100mL) vials. Express®FP contains BVD types I and II, BRSV, IBR, and PI3 (all in a modified live format) with or without the five major strains of Lepto. and/or H. somnus and/or vibrio.
  • What are the benefits of vaccinating my cows and heifers with Express?
    Each year, cows and heifers should be vaccinated prior to breeding with Express®FP. Express® FP provides a superior level of protection against BVD types I and II than its competitors1. Along with proven protection against BVD types I and II, Express® FP also gives producers other benefits:
    • Low dose volume approved for Sub Q administration.
    • Complies with Beef Quality Assurance guidelines
    • Proven safe for non-pregnant cows and replacement heifers.
  • When should I vaccinate my cows?
    Vaccinate your cows at least two weeks prior to breeding. It is always best to consult with your veterinarian.
  • When should I vaccinate my heifers?
    Vaccinate your heifers before introducing them into the breeding herd.
  • What are the benefits of a herd health strategy?
    BVD virus is widespread in Canada and throughout the world. A study in Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1990 found that 41% of beef cattle samples had antibodies to BVD. Almost two-thirds of all farms had cattle that had been exposed to BVD.2 Outbreaks of BVD can have devastating economic consequences to producers. By vaccinating cows and heifers with Express® FP, you lay a solid foundation of immunity in the herd against this very dangerous and costly diseases.
  • Is there proof I can understand?
    Studies were conducted in seronegative weaned beef heifers in several locations. Calves were separated into groups and vaccinated with either Express® FP, competitive vaccines or kept as controls. Express® FP consistently produced significantly higher levels of antibodies – an important measure of protection – than the competitors.1 Higher antibody titres are critically important, as they are indicative of higher protection at times of maximum risk.3
  • How can I find out more about Express?
    Your veterinarian can tell you how Express® FPcan fit into your herd health management strategy. Or you can visit our website at www.expressverified.ca for more information.
  • REFERENCES:
  • 1Data on file, Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd.
  • 2LeeAnn Forsythe, Provincial Veterinarian, Food Safety and Animal Health, Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food,
    Dr. John Campbell, WCVM, 2002.
  • 3Daniel Gross, Michigan State University. Published in: The Bovine Practitioner, 1998.

EXPRESS Verified® FAQs:

  • What is a PI calf?
    A PI, or persistently infected, calf is one that is born infected with BVD virus and is a lifelong carrier and shedder of the virus.
  • How do calves become PI?
    The unborn fetus is targeted by BVD virus when its dam (cow or heifer) is exposed to the virus while pregnant. The virus enters the bloodstream of a susceptible (not vaccinated or inadequately vaccinated) female and immediately gains entrance into the developing fetus. The risk period for the formation of PI calves is thought to be from approximately the 40th day of pregnancy through to the 150th day of pregnancy.
  • What happens to calves born PI?
    The calf is often born normal, but carries the virus and spreads millions of virus particles daily to the rest of the herd.
    PI calves are usually destined to die early. Most of them die between 7 and 14 months of age, either from BVD virus itself or due to a secondary virus or bacteria entering the animal.
  • What does the virus do?
    The virus is very immunosuppressive, which allows other viruses and bacteria to enter the calf and cause disease. PI calves have been referred to as “walking time bombs” due to the massive amounts of virus being shed to herd mates or pen mates. BVD virus has severe negative production effects on animals exposed to the virus, resulting in poor weight gain, poor performance and increased susceptibility to both disease and dying.
  • What are the potential signs that a PI calf is in a herd?
    If a PI calf is in the herd, you may see signs indicative of BVD, including:
    • Increased number of open cows
    • Delayed or strung-out calving periods
    • Abortions
    • Weak or dead calves at birth
    • Birth defects
    • Increased percentage of calves with sickness including scours, pneumonia and lameness
    • Runty calves or those doing poorly
    • Calves dying post weaning.
  • Facts about BVD

  • What is BVD?
    BVD stands for bovine viral diarrhoea.
    Despite its name, BVD is not just diarrhoea; it is a group of diseases caused by the BVD virus. It gets confusing because some people use the word "BVD" to refer to the virus itself.
  • What diseases are parts of BVD?
    The BVD virus causes different diseases, depending on what animal is infected. The BVD virus can cause many different diseases because it damages the immunity of the cattle it infects.

    In feedlot calves, BVD usually shows up as pneumonia (bovine respiratory disease, or BRD) or undifferentiated fever (UF). Sometimes, BVD causes diarrhoea, too, but that isn’t very common.

    In suckling beef calves, BVD can cause diarrhoea or pneumonia. It can cause calves to be unthrifty without other signs of illness except “not doing well.” Research in Saskatoon, SK, shows that calves born in cow herds in which there is BVD tend to have lower weaning weights than in cow herds without BVD. In pregnant cows or heifers, BVD can cause the cow or heifer to have a fever, but the biggest problem is that BVD can infect the unborn calf. If it infects the unborn calf, it can kill it, leading to cows that are open, or cause outright abortion.

    If the unborn calf is infected late in pregnancy, it can be stillborn. Sometimes, BVD doesn’t outright kill the unborn calf. In this case, the calf will be born stunted or weak. If BVD infects the unborn calf in the first five months of pregnancy and doesn’t kill it, the calf may be born and be a carrier of BVD. See What Is Persistent Infection?

    In bulls, BVD virus may cause mild sickness, as it does in cows. Most of the time, you wouldn’t be able to tell it was BVD that caused the bull to get sick. The big problem for bulls is that BVD can infect their testicles. If it does infect the bull’s testicles, the bull will have BVD virus in its semen for weeks to months after it recovers from the BVD infection.
  • What are BVD carriers or PI calves?
    When a pregnant cow is infected in the first five months of pregnancy, her unborn calf may become infected with the virus and be born a carrier. These carriers, called PIs, will be infected with BVD virus for their entire life. They spread the BVD virus to other cattle that they contact. If they are sold into a feedlot, the calves will spread the BVD virus throughout the pen.
    These carriers tend to die before they are 2 years old, but they can survive for years. If a heifer calf is born a carrier and she is kept as a replacement, she will always give birth to persistently infected calves.
  • How do you control BVD?
    How you control it depends on what type of beef operation you have:

    In cow herds, the goal is to make sure that you protect the pregnant cows. You need to make sure that the cows and heifers are vaccinated with an approved BVD vaccine according to label directions. The vaccine should have both Type 1 and Type 2 BVD viruses in it. The bulls should be vaccinated, too, to protect them from getting infection in their testicles.

    In seed stock cow herds, you can test for carriers and remove them to make the herd “BVD carrier free.” Even if you do that, you still need to protect the breeding herd to make sure new carriers aren’t formed. You also need to make sure you keep BVD out of the herd.

    In the feedlot, you need to make sure that calves are vaccinated against BVD. That way, they will be protected if a carrier ends up in their pen. Ideally, calves should be fully vaccinated before they go through the sale process, rather than on arrival at the feed yard.

    Now people are testing calves on arrival at feed yards to see if they are carriers. The idea is to find and remove these carriers before they spread BVD throughout the pen or into the pens on either side.

    How do Express® Verification and the CCIA control BVD?

    See Express Verified®.
  • Economics of the BVD virus
    BVD virus (BVDV) is arguably one of the most important infectious agents of cattle. BVDV causes a wide variety of clinical syndromes in cattle including:
    • infertility
    • abortion
    • congenital defects in calves
    • weak and dying calves
    • production losses from poor performance.
  • Losses due to a BVD PI

  • Losses in the Cow Herd
    A landmark investigation into the economics of BVD virus in cow herds was published by a group of researchers from the United States. Their data showed that the negative effects of PI calves on pregnancy percentage, preweaning mortality and weaning weights varied between $14.85 U.S. and $24.84 U.S. per calf, depending on the year investigated. For a 200-cow beef herd, these costs would be $2,970 and $4,968 U.S. in direct economic costs.
  • Losses in the Feedlot
    Feedlots incur large economic costs due to BVD as well. The PI calves often die in the feedlot. Those that do not die have drastically decreased performance and increased health costs.
  • REFERENCES:
  • 1Data on file with Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd.
  • 2Brock KV et al. Onset of protection from experimental challenge with Type 2 bovine viral diarrhea virus following
    vaccination with a modified-live vaccine. Vet Therapeutics 2007;8(1):88-96.
  • 3Fairbanks KF et al. Rapid onset of protection against infectious bovine rhinotracheitis with a modified-live virus
    multivalent vaccine. Vet Therapeutics 2004;5(1)17-25.